Middle East respiratory syndrome - coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Baru terbaca pasal virus MERS-CoV ni di web http://www.bazisdki. Ni ada masa lapang sket... boleh la men'surf' internet. Kalau tak, tension jer sepanjang 8 am - 6 pm ni.

Bagi yg nak berjalan2 ke luar negara dinasihatkan berhati2 terutama virus ni menyerang Arab saudi... Harap kengkawan dan sedara mara yang nak menunaikan umrah dalam masa terdekat, ambil langkah berjaga-jaga


WHO: Waspada Virus MERS di Arab Saudi

Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia,WHO meminta kepada para pekerja kesehatan di seluruh dunia agar waspada terhadap gejala penyakit pernafasan maut coronavirus Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
Para pejabat WHO mengeluarkan peringatan tersebut, Senin (10/06) saat mengakhiri penyelidikan enam hari di Arab Saudi, dimana 40 dari 55 orang menderita penyakit pernafasan itu. Enam puluh persen dari penderita sudah meninggal dunia.

Badan PBB itu prihatin bahwa virus MERS mungkin akan menular ke para peziarah yang diperkirakan akan mengunjungi tempat-tempat suci di Arab Saudi bulan depan dalam bulan Ramadan, atau jutaan lagi diperkirakan akan datang bulan Oktober untuk menunaikan ibadah Haji di Mekkah.

Para pejabat juga khawatir bahwa para pekerja tamu di kerajaan itu dapat membawa virus itu ke negara-negara asal mereka, kemungkinan mengakibatkan pandemik global.

Orang-orang yang melakukan perjalanan internasional telah membawa virus itu ke Inggris, Perancis, Jerman, dan Italia. Orang yang terinfeksi juga telah ditemukan di Yordania, Qatar, Tunisia dan Uni Emirat Arab.(voa)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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MERS-CoV particles as seen by negative stain electron microscopy. Virions contain characteristic club-like projections emanating from the viral membrane.
Virus classification
Group:Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[1] (Arabic: متلازمة جهاز التنفس الشرق أوسطية) فيروس كورونا) is a novel coronavirus (nCoV) first reported on 24 September 2012 on ProMED-mail[2] by Egyptian virologist Dr. Ali Mohamed Zaki in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He isolated and identified a previously unknown coronavirus from the lungs of a 60-year-old male patient with acute pneumonia and acute renal failure.[3][4][5] Dr. Zaki then posted his findings on ProMed-mail.[2][4] MERS-CoV is the sixth new type of coronavirus like SARS (but still distinct from it and from the common-cold coronavirus). Until 23 May 2013, MERS-CoV had frequently been referred to as a SARS-like virus,[6] or simply the novel coronavirus, and colloquially on messageboards as "Saudi SARS" (e.g. The Guardian and Yahoo in the UK, CNN in the U.S., and Toronto and Ottawa media in Canada).


A guidance for traveler

Middle East respiratory syndrome - coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update

5 June 2013 – This guidance is an update to travel recommendations for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that WHO published on 20th May2013.
Since September 2012, more than 50 cases of MERS-CoV have been identified globally. Approximately half of these people died. All cases identified so far have had either a direct or indirect connection with the Middle East. However, some cases identified in recent travellers from the Middle East have resulted in local, non-sustained transmission to close contacts. Thus far, all human-to-human transmission has occurred either in a household, work environment, or health care setting. The mode of transmission currently remains unknown. The virus is thought to be of animal origin but so far it has not been identified in any animal species. The specific types of exposures that result in infection are also unknown. MERS-CoV infection generally presents as pneumonia, but has also caused kidney failure. The most common symptoms observed are fever, cough, and breathing difficulties, while atypical symptoms such as diarrhoea have also been recorded in patients with immunosuppression.
Advice to health care practitioners:
• Consider the possibility of MERS-CoV infection in travellers with fever, cough, shortness of breath, or breathing difficulties, or other symptoms suggesting an infection, and with a recent history of travel in the Middle East.
• If a diagnosis of MERS–CoV infection is considered possible, apply infection prevention and control measures recommended by WHO, or outlined in national guidance, and refer the patient to a special infectious disease unit for further investigation.
Advice to ministries of health:
• Review current surveillance guidance and case definitions for case reporting available on the WHO coronavirus website.
• Alert health care practitioners to the possibility of MERS-CoV infection in symptomatic travellers with a recent history of travel in the Middle East.
• Provide health care practitioners with clear instructions for referral of patients suspected of having infection with the MERS-CoV for appropriate management and testing.
Advice to travellers:
Although the source of the virus and the mechanism of transmission is unknown, it would be prudent to try to reduce the general risk of infection while travelling by:
• Avoiding close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections.
• Frequent hand-washing, especially after direct contact with ill people or their environment.
• Adhering to food safety and hygiene rules such as avoiding undercooked meats, raw fruits and vegetables unless they have been peeled, or unsafe water.
• Avoiding close contact with live farm or wild animals.
Travellers to the Middle East who develop symptoms either during travel or after their return are encouraged to seek medical attention and to share their history of travel. People with symptoms of acute respiratory infection should practice cough etiquette (maintain distance, cover coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues or clothing, and wash hands) and to delay travel until they are no longer symptomatic.

Based on the information available, WHO does not advise special screening at points of entry with regard to this event nor does it currently recommend the application of any travel or trade restrictions.


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